According to recent research, shared parenting can reduce the harmful effects of high conflict between parents for children. A warm relationship with each parent is a protective factor for children. In 2002, Robert Bauserman, Research Analyst at Maryland Medical Research Institute, concluded from his meta analysis of 33 studies that compared child outcomes in sole custody and shared parenting homes that the benefits of shared parenting on children’s well being exist independent of parental conflict.
There is no doubt that continued, ongoing, unresolved high conflict is harmful to children of divorce. What remains under questions among legal and mental health practitioners and policymakers is the type of parenting arrangement that is best for children in high conflict situations, and the amount of time children should spend with each of their parents in such cases.