The ‘failure’ of #OccupyNigeria, and where we can go from here (#NewLeadership Series by Chude Jideonwo)

by Chude Jideonwo

Chude Jideonwo

I am very proud of what Nigerians achieved this time last year, when we came together to fight an unreasonable government policy of fuel subsidy removal, and properly and effectively channeled our anger to highlight the issue of government waste.

As we mark the one-year anniversary this week, January 2012 made me proud to be a Nigerian, indeed to be alive at a time of uplifting active citizenship across the world.

There are people, especially in government, led ably by President Goodluck Jonathan who have dismissed the importance of that historic battle – crediting “failed politicians” from Bola Tinubu to Nasir el-Rufai for mobilising the people with “bottled water”.

As an entrepreneur who closed down my business and made some self-sacrifice to join hands across lines to drive that protest from Ojota to Surulere and Victoria Island and who personally secured the participation of a great number of those artistes who performed because they believed in the cause, I feel very insulted by the allusion that ordinary Nigerians who joined the protest were bribed with “bottled water”.

But, I can understand the perception. The leading lights of the protests were politicians, and when politicians get involved, things easily lose their meaning. Of course, it makes no sense to reduce a protest that involved Nigerians of every hue and stripe simply because the political opposition aligned with it, but in a paranoid Nigerian political space, I understand the push-back.

They looked at the thousands in Lagos, angry and screaming and they saw the opposition’s party vice presidential candidate, Tunde Bakare speaking to them, and our short-sighted, over-indulged leaders put two and two together – and arrived at 10.

True, Bakare was an imperfect, maybe even fatal, vessel for the aspirations of the protesters, unable to rein in his passions and overtly calling for the death of our leaders, but he certainly had earned the right to lead it. He provided a backbone of strategy and resources, and managed to build a broad coalition that went far beyond the agenda of his political party or his own narrow ideologies.

But as much as you credit him for its success, he also made the unfortunate call that broke the back of that historic movement – when he came on stage and gave in to the pressure to break up the protest for the weekend and re-assemble on Monday.

Go home and re-load for an Occupy protest? The people of Egypt and Tunisia must have thrown their heads back and laughed at the picnic we were having.

But I don’t blame Bakare. Unfortunately, I make bold to say that retreat is ingrained in the Nigerian character. As I read Chinua Achebe make his justifications for why himself and his intellectual friends agreed that Biafra should surrender to the rampaging Nigerian forces and give up the hard-won independence for which more than a million had died, I came to that conclusion that we are a people defined by retreat, or as my former pastor put it, “the spirit of almost there”.

Bakare made his call for surrender last year because the people were ready to surrender, and Bakare is a politician, and politicians listen to the people. The people he was leading had begun to grumble on Facebook and Twitter and to murmur at protest grounds across the country. They wanted a break from the protest; they had become tired.

I was in the middle of that protest, working with friends and associates to mobilise young people, and indeed it was a cause for great agony. Colleagues at my office were eager to return to work, many had lost the financial and other resources that kept the appearances of a normal life while we protested, there had been reports of breakdown of law and order across the state as hoodlums held sway, and people were just frankly, tired.

Let me also share a secret that we don’t want those in government to know: the entire protest wasn’t dependent on our will to see the course to the finish, it was sadly dependent on our hope and prayer that President Jonathan would suddenly agree with us and then reduce the pump price and, we would quickly declare “mission accomplished” and go back to our familiar routines. When five days after we left our jobs, he hadn’t done that, and his body language portrayed a man who was convinced he was doing the right thing, Nigerians began to second-guess themselves. That was when we lost the battle.

Bakare made the popular call, that inadvertently signaled to the powers that be that Nigerians were not really for a revolution, as it were, or even a change in approach to governance.

We looked ready, we smelt ready, we sounded ready, but no, we were not ready.

No advancing army facing a ferocious, and equally advancing enemy stops to break bread. And that was the end of that.

Let me quickly say on the subject of Biafra, I cannot even begin to understand the effects of war, and how devastating – dehumanising – it must have been for the Igbos and minority ethnic groups (of which I am one) caught in the borders of what would have been a new nation in those times. It is more likely than not that if I had been involved in that war, I would have sided with the majority and conceded. I would have chosen respite over freedom, and reason over justice. A living dog is, after all, better than a dead tiger.

Unfortunately, being “unreasonable” (and may I gratuitously affirm that this is said with all sense of responsibility) that is the nature of revolutions, and of the fight of a people to define their nations. It is the fight the people of Syria are having as we speak; one that the people of South Africa continued to the finish, one that South Sudan has fought and one that those inspiring people of Egypt have refused to stop having until their leaders do exactly what the mass of the people desire to be done.

It comes at so high a cost, that only a handful of nations per civilisation are able to begin and stay that course. Honestly? I am unconvinced that Nigerians belong to that small circle of peoples with that capacity for no retreat, no surrender.

By way of explaining this, some Nigerians have tried to justify our culture of retreat – maybe we do not need a mass revolt; everyone after-all cannot be Egypt – and probably they are right. You could point to countries like Singapore and Malaysia and perhaps post-conflict Rwanda, and to some extent modern Ghana, and speak to quiet and steady economic transformation driven (in some cases) by popular democracy as the solid alternative to “needless” bloodshed and the sacrifice of life and limb.

That is a legitimate explanation. Unfortunately, it is neither here nor there. How do we fundamentally change our country if we will not do it by driving the fear of our collective anger into the hearts of our leaders?

There is no other choice – in the absence of a mass revolt, those who seek to drive change now need to fall back on incremental change, a collection of little drops of activity by different sectors of society that will eventually deliver what some have called the Flywheel Effect. This will involve a deliberate, sustained effort to move from business as usual in the way our country is run.

Unfortunately (maybe fortunately) incremental change is in fact the hardest change of all.

It requires a coalition of people committed to that change; it requires a singular strategy; the kind that has driven China’s economic transformation; and it requires the sitting down to work out the details and contours of the shape this change should take.

It requires leaders who have the character to think of a long game and have the vision and temperament to build the coalition mentioned above, and it will require the collectivity of aspirations where we trade off some of our demands (call it principles) in the short term in order to win a long term war and earn the change that our country needs.

Does all of this give you a headache already? Yeah, I know the feeling. That’s why some people just prefer to take a gun and get the job done faster.

Well, take some painkillers quickly. We have work ahead of us.


Chude Jideonwo is publisher/editor-in-chief of Y!, including Y! Magazine, Y! Books, Y! TV & is a twice-weekly, 12-week project to inspire action from a new generation of leaders – it ends on March 31.

Comments (7)

  1. #Chude, may i once again comment – another excellent piece that captures the mindset of an articulate participant in the OccupyNigeria protest. Allow me use this platform to share the point of view of one who blatantly refused to join the protest. I will not like to bore you with the intricacies of my decision to boycott the protest. In one line it was my way of expressing my anger about the energy spent trying to educate Nigerians on the flawed thinking around voting the current president. It was my own little way of saying " we told you so". While today i can admit that my position was flawed, i can boldly communicate that the in my view the #occupynigeria protest was a success. It buttressed a thought process that has always driven my believe that Nigeria can change for the better. It was an unequivocal confirmation that with the right vision and mission, the Nigerian people can rally behind a cause. While some people can quickly brandish the protest as a failed opposition trying to be relevant- i can authoritatively state that the war room of Aso-Rock was full fear about the potential far reaching implication of the protests. We cannot fail to also add that somewhere in the course of the protest, the vision became blurred and immediately cancerous propaganda could easily be used to weaken the movement. When Soldiers were deployed, one of the most frightening scenarios was what will happen if the soldiers act like their counterpart in Egypt and refuse to use a strong arm? What of if the soldiers joined the protest? What of if the protest took a more peaceful and disruptive mode (i.e protesters seating and lying on major roads in Nigeria, unwilling to move until their voice is heard). These scenarios gave some people sleepless nights and it is evident that they were more than relieved that the movement withered. What am i saying in earnest – occupyNigeria was a resounding success in that it provided a rallying platform to express discontent and willingness to demand change. 2015 beacons and the same players in power have already commenced their plans to perpetuate themselves in power. OccupyNigeria has to evolve into a grassroot movement that can occupy a political party with its popular ideology. The ideology of a systemic change that can better the lives of the ordinary Nigeria. If this happens, then truly the occupynigeria will always be remembered as the day the seed of change in this great nation of ours was sowed. #OccupyNigeria failed if 3yrs after its conception the ruling juggernaut remains in power perpetuating its misguided policies and failed promises. I am a believer and a practical grassroot mobilizer that has commenced CPR on the occupynigeria dream. #enginedare

  2. Chude, I understand your point of view perfectly, but very few people will. I had to read this article "one and half" times in other to perfectly understand.

    Like you said, Nigerians are not the type to continue a fight. It seems Nigerians in different regions have different level of guts. The Igbos displayed those guts during the civil war and fought to be left alone for "THREE WHOLE YEARS".

    After the civil war, most people of Igbo extraction understand that Nigeria is not a workable country and they just do the much they can to survive.

    Now, the Yoruba are not the kind to take up arms, neither are they patriotic enough to look out for the whole country, that's why almost every Yoruba sits in Lagos or conveniently in the "SAFE SOUTH-WEST" and do the much they can in developing their own place, while Igbos still die in their numbers doing business in the NORTHERN NIGERIA. In 2012 a whole family and their kinsmen from Anambra state was killed when planning how to transport the corpse of their murdered brethren. There are never such stories affecting any other tribe in Nigeria.

    My point is, the South-East region have stopped "bothering themselves" that much about Nigeria because they knew and still know it's a fake country.

    The South-West will also not do much neither will they have the courage to secede even though they have the power to do so.

    Nigeria is a complex country and I'm sure that CHUDE JIDEONWO knows that, but the moment people in LAGOS take up arms to FIGHT the GOVERNMENT for instance, PEOPLE in Kano will be doing so, not for REVOLUTION but because they PREFER A NORTHERN MUSLIM as president.

    I wonder if anyone will agree with the above statement.

    The truth is bitter, more BITTER THAN ALOMO.

    Ojukwu and the people who fought the civil were on the BIAFRA side were right, and Chude truthfully agrees and the solution they had would have been the best ever, but everyone believed it was about the OIL in NIGER-DELTA.

    I'm not a tribalist, I'm just looking for the best way to make ethical judgements that most people will hide in their hearts.

    We are all still in NIGERIA and it has become a battle ground for the fittest to survive, AND until someone begins to ask questions, we will be progressing slowly.

    The Igbos tried their best, I wonder what the Yoruba will do, apart from making sure Lagos remains a working city by proclaiming EKO O NI BAJE. This tells you the target of the average Yoruba man… to make sure LAGOS is working, and by extension the South-West. That is not enough.

    It's time to work towards NIGERIA O NI BAJE.

    Lagos was degenerating during the OCCUPY NIGERIA protests and it could have become LAWLESS. I'm sure it's one of the reasons Tunde Bakare bowed to the pressure. Some of us have not forgotten that it was FASHOLA who invited the MILITARY MEN. He needed his dear Lagos to be safe at the EXPENSE of REVOLUTION.

    The Igbos are still recovering from the civil war.

    We will watch and see what other tribes will do

  3. There are a lot of positions I don't agree with in this piece, but I'd respond to only one. Tunde Bakare did not call for a retreat because of the people. He didn't understand that, such protest, you don't call for a retreat. He didn't know that that was a revolution building up. His lack of understanding is borne out of the erroneous perception that "he who fights and run away, lives to fight another day"(Aluta Continua). The world over, wherever there have been people's propelled revolution, the leaders of the revolution are mindful of there utterances, time and again, maintaining their stance that there's no going back. The January protest reveals the caliber of activists we have in Nigeria.

  4. I think its high time we begin to view these 'leaders' as a reflection of us. Someone could be seen doing everything to oust the present govt or get them to change their perception of the ordinary Nigerian, appoint his father into one of those committees that would probe the outcome of another committee's work and he would gladly sing a new hymn; The govt is doing its best. We really have to look beyond our greed and begin to despise these crooks down to every member of their family. Who gives them titles(chieftaincy & religious)? Its still us. We just want a piece of the cake and that is the hunger we need to purge.

  5. We weren't ready one year ago & we're still not ready. Like you've said, we have to be 'unreasonable' to create change.

  6. I marched, got blisters, got several shades darker from being out in the sun this time last year. And I'd do it again if the need arises. I love this country and it galls me to see such monumental waste & injustice The majority of Nigerians would rather suffer and smile to maintain the "peace" that is killing them. I unashamedly agree with force sometimes being the only answe. Afterall the kingdom of God suffereth violence and the violent taketh it by force!

  7. And nobody commented on this? Am I dreaming? This has to be a joke, maybe the comments are awaiting moderation. This is not yet viral? What are people reading? @YNaija is not tweeting this every hour? Who is operating that handle today? Jesus H. Christ! I give up already!

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